+Timothy Tye

Home Canberra, Australian Capital Territory Travel Guide

       Follow Me on Pinterest 

The Old Parliament House in Canberra, Australia
The Old Parliament House in Canberra, Australia
Author: Noodle snacks (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Introducing Canberra

Canberra Travel Guide prepares you for a visit to the capital city of Australia. On this page, I want to introduce the city to you, listing out its major tourist attractions, and provide advise on transportation options available.

About Canberra

Canberra is a city specially planned to be the capital of Australia. It has a population of 345,000, making it the largest inland city in the country, and the eighth largest overall. Canberra is 280 km (170 miles) from Sydney and 660 km (410 miles) from Melbourne. It is located within the Australian Capital Territory, which is on the southeastern part of New South Wales, near the border with the state of Victoria.

Guide to Canberra Hotels

Here's a list of hotels in Canberra that you can book online, with full description, star rating, address, location map, evaluation, and prices as offered by different booking sites. This helps you to make your room booking with the site that offers the best price.

Australian War Memorial, Canberra
Australian War Memorial, Canberra
Author: Fir0002/Flagstaffotos (GNU Free Documentation License)

More on Canberra

The site of Canberra was selected in 1908. Following an international contest, the design by Chicago architects Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin was selected, and construction began in 1913. The name of the city comes from the Ngyunnawal tribe which lives in the Canberra region. It means "meeting place". The name was given by Lady Denman, the wife of Governor-General Lord Denman, on 12 March, 1913, during a ceremony on Kurrajong Hill, the site of the present-day Parliament House of Australia. Since then, the founding of Canberra is celebrated annually on the second Monday of March.

Canberra experiences a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. December to February are the hottest months, with temperature reaching an average high of 26.1°C (79°F) or more. Coldest month is July, when the average low is -0.1°C (32°F). Heaviest rains are in spring, in the months of October and November, with monthly precipitation of 61.2 mm (2.41 inches) or more. The driest months are June and July with less than 41.2 mm (1.62 inches) of precipitation.

Questacon, the National Science and Technology Centre in Canberra
Questacon, the National Science and Technology Centre in Canberra
Author: Bidgee (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Budget Travel to Canberra

By Plane
Canberra is served by the Canberra International Airport (CBR). There are flights from most major cities in Australia. The main airlines are Virgin Blue, Qantas, Tiger Airways and Brindabella Airlines. The majority of international travelers arrive in Canberra through a transfer in Sydney or Melbourne.

There's a shuttle bus between Canberra Airport and the bus interchange in Civic, the Central Business District of Canberra. It costs A$9.00. Taxi ride to Civic costs A$25.00.

By Train
A train to Canberra from Sydney takes around 4 hours, and rewards you with panoramic scenery of the Southern Highlands and Molongolo Gorge. The fare ranges between A$40 to A$56.

Budget Travel within Canberra

The public transportation authority in Canberra is known as ACTION. A single ride costs A$3.00 for adults. You can also buy an all-day off-peak ticket for A$4.10, which you can use between 9:00 am to 4:30 pm and after 6:00 pm, and all day on week ends and public holidays.

St John the Baptist Church in Reid, Canberra
St John the Baptist Church in Reid, Canberra
Author: Cfitzart (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0)

Black Mountain Tower, Canberra
Black Mountain Tower, Canberra
Author: Bidgee (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Places of Interest in Canberra

  1. Parliamentary Triangle
    Site in Canberra where most of its major monuments and national buildings are located.

  2. Old Parliament House
    First parliamentary building in the new capital of Canberra, completed in 1927.

  3. Blundell's Cottage
    19th century farm cottage that has existed before Canberra became the capital.

  4. National Capital Exhibition
    Rotunda to the north of Lake Burley Griffin, recommended as the starting point for exploring Canberra.

  5. National Library of Australia
    Repository of Australia's literary and documentary heritage, housed in an iconic 1960's building.

  6. Questacon - The National Science and Technology Centre
    High-tech science centre with lots of interactive exhibits.

  7. High Court of Australia
    Imposing lakeside building opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 1980.

  8. St John the Baptist Church
    Anglican church built in 1844, order than Canberra.

  9. Schoolhouse Museum
    Museum formerly a schoolhouse, located next to St John the Baptist Church, also from the 19th century, one of the oldest buildings in the area. Museum houses 19th century memorabilia.

  10. Red Hill
    Hill with excellent views of Canberra.

  11. Royal Australian Mint
    The national mint, sole producer of Australian coins.

  12. Government House
    Official residence of the Governor General, representative of the monarch in Australia, since 1927. Closed to the public except on special open days.

  13. Yarralumla
    Suburb on the edge of Capital Hill, housing over 80 of Australia's foreign embassies.

  14. National Gallery of Australia
    Gallery holding some 100,000 works of Australian art, from the days of the European settlement to present day.

  15. Australian War Memorial
    Memorial to all Australians who perished while serving their country.

  16. Civic Square
    Public square at the Civic Centre, the commercial heart of Canberra.

  17. Australian National Botanic Gardens
    Gardens with the finest scientific collection of native plants in the country.

  18. Black Mountain Tower
    195-meter (640 feet) tower above the summit of Black Mountain with viewing platforms offering superb all-around views.

  19. National Zoo and Aquarium
    Australia's only combined zoo and aquarium, with 20 tanks and 9 hectares of landscaped grounds.

  20. Australian Institute of Sport
    The national centre of sports in Australia, where the athletes train. The national athletes are often available to show visitors around.

  21. National Museum of Australia
    Museum in an innovative, purpose-built facility that has become an architectural landmark.

Sights Further Afield from Canberra

  1. Mugga-Mugga
    One of the earliest historic sites of Canberra, exhibiting the working class living quarters of the 19th century.

  2. Murrumbidgee River
    River in the Australian countryside good for picnics, swimming and camping.

  3. Canberra Deep Space Complex
    Facility managed by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) and NASA, one of three deep-space tracking centers in the world.

  4. Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve
    5,450-hectare (13,450 acre) reserve comprising forestland, grassland, streams and mountains, with wildlife such as kangaroos, emus and platypuses.

  5. Namadgi National Park
    Covering almost half of the Australian Capital Territory, and only 35 km (22 miles) from Canberra, the national park offers a rugged yet beautiful landscape.

Return to the Australian Capital Territory
Return to Australia Travel Guide

Preparing to visit Australia?

Hello and thanks for visiting my Australia Travel Guide! I am Timothy Tye aka Tim the Traveler. Australia is one of the most beautiful countries in the world, and with this travel guide, I want to share with you the wonders of this country with you.

Australia is a huge country with lots to see and do. We shall explore it bit by bit, until we eventually cover every city and every town in the country.

If you are planning your visit to Australia, I hope that this website will provide you ideas and suggestions of places to go. I also want to share with you a few tips to help you plan your trip.

As you plan your trip to Australia, the first thing to do is to look for accommodation. I recommend that you compare prices provided by different hotel booking sites such as Agoda, Travelocity, Expedia, etc. Use this automated search engine to help you.

The currency used in Australia is the Australian dollar (AUD). Here's latest exchange rates in the last 24-hours.

Finally, you consider the following travel books to improve your knowledge of Australia ahead of your visit. You can get them directly from Amazon.